Place Key Report

PK: C249                  TITLE: Yialova: Palaiochori


Decimal:        36.955219° N, 21.706715° E
                        (lon/lat: 21.706715, 36.955219)

DMS:              36° 57' 18.788" N      21° 42' 24.174" E
W3W:             powers.outpaces.setback
UTM:              34 S   562918.02416443 m E   4090137.9749519 m N
GGRS87:       295668   4092074

Accuracy:     Exact
Elevation:     51 m.       167.32284 feet
Region:         Messenia

TYPE

1.    hab.   Messenia I, 242    
   93000 sq. m.     Ha 9.3

2.    hab.   Simpson [2014], 21    'HAB; 5.4 ha (maximum; ...); "large village"'
   54000 sq. m.     Ha 5.4

3.    hab.   Simpson [1981], 118    '...possibly the "capital" of a region in LH IIIB.'
   18000 sq. m.     Ha 1.8    ('(an area about 150 m. north to south by 120 m.) ... This was clearly an important Mycenaean settlement, possibly the "capital" of a region in LH IIIB',  118).

4.    hab.   Simpson and Dickinson [1979], 142    'LH sherds were abundant on the summit (c 150 m. N-S by 120 m.) and found more sparsely on the lower W terraces.'
   18000 sq. m.     Ha 1.8    ('...on the summit (c 150 m. N-S by 120 m.) ...',  142).

5.    Sherds.   Ålin [1962], 86    'McDonald und Simpson fanden hier IIIB-Scherben, wie Kylixfüsse, ... '

PERIOD (High Chronology)

  1. LH IIIA (1410-1315)

  a.  Simpson [1981], 118. 'LH III(A-)B'
  b.  Simpson [2014], 21. 'LH III(A-B)'
  c.  Simpson and Dickinson [1979], 142. 'LH III(A-B)'

  2. LH IIIB (1320-1190)

  a.  Ålin [1962] ' ... IIIB-Scherben, ... '
  b.  Simpson and Dickinson [1979], 142. 'LH III(A-B)'
  c.  Messenia I, 242.
  d.  Simpson [1981], 118. 'LH III(A-)B'
  e.  Simpson [2014], 21. 'LH III(A-B)'



GENERAL NOTE

- With respect to site location Messenia I, 242, no. 58 says ' ... above and east of the village of Gialova, at the western extremity of the ridge called Dapia ... '. Also the site is on 'The summit ...'. This should be sufficient to place the site where I have put it but with this cavil. The elevation of the selected site is about 51 m. but our authors give the site elevation as ' ... ca. 80 m. a.s.l.'. And there is another summit, just 210 m. to the SE, that does have an elevation of about 75 m. I suggest, however, that McDonald and Simpson's describing the site as ' ... at the western extremity of the ridge ... ' settles the question.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1.  Ålin [1962]:  Ålin, Per. Das Ende der mykenischen Fundstätten auf dem griechischen Festland. Carl Bloms Boktryckeri A.-B., Lund, 1962., 'Palaiochori', pg. 86.

2.  Messenia I:  McDonald, William A. and Richard Hope Simpson. ‘Prehistoric Habitation in Southwestern Peloponnese’, American Journal of Archaeology. Vol. 65, No. 3 (Jul., 1961), pp. 221-260., '58. Palaiochori (Gialova)', pg. 242. Online here.

3.  Simpson [2014]:  Simpson, Richard Hope. Mycenaean Messenia and the Kingdom of Pylos. Philadelphia:Instap Academic Press, 2014. , '58 Yialova: Palaiochori', pg. 21.

4.  Simpson [1981]:  Simpson, Richard Hope. Mycenaean Greece. Park Ridge, New Jersey: Noyes Press, 1981., 'F 23 Yialova: Palaiochori', pg. 118.

5.  Simpson and Dickinson [1979]:  Simpson, Richard Hope and O.T.P.K. Dickinson. A Gazetteer of Aegean Civilization in the Bronze Age, Vol. I: The Mainland and the Islands. Paul Åströms Förlag, Goteborg. 1979., 'D 42 Yialova: Palaiochori', pg. 142. Online here.