Place Key Report

PK: C242                  TITLE: Petrochori: Cave of Nestor


WGS84:        36.959735° N, 21.658161° E
                      36.959735, 21.658161      

MAP      GMAP      GHACK      BING

LON/LAT:      21.658161, 36.959735
D°M'S":          36° 57' 35.046" N      21° 39' 29.38" E
W3W:             joyous.rousing.mesh
UTM:              34 S   558592 m E   4090608 m N
EGSA87:       291357, 4092680

Accuracy:     20 m.
Elevation:     42 m.       137.79528 feet
Region:         Messenia

TYPE

1.    Artifacts.   Simpson and Dickinson [1979], 132    '...and contained stratified BA and C material.'

2.    Cave.   Messenia I, 243    

3.    Cave.   Simpson [1981], 117    'The spectacular cave on the north slope of the Palaiokastro headland ... '

PERIOD (High Chronology)


1. Bronze Age: (3100 - 1190)

    a.    Simpson [1981]: 117 ' ... also contains stratified Bronze Age and later material.'

2. EH II: (2650 - 2250)

    a.    Simpson [1981]: 117 'EHII MH LH III(A-B) C'

    b.    Simpson and Dickinson [1979]: 132 'N EH II MH LH III(A-B) C', '...and contained stratified BA and C material.'

3. MH: (2100 - 1700)

    a.    Simpson [1981]: 117 'EHII MH LH III(A-B) C'

    b.    Simpson and Dickinson [1979]: 132 'N EH II MH LH III(A-B) C', '...and contained stratified BA and C material.'

4. LH III: (1410 - 1060)

    a.    Messenia I: 243 'Therefore, its most intensive utilization seems to have been in LH III.'

5. LH IIIA: (1410 - 1315)

    a.    Simpson [1981]: 117 'EHII MH LH III(A-B) C'

    b.    Simpson and Dickinson [1979]: 132 'N EH II MH LH III(A-B) C', '...and contained stratified BA and C material.'

6. LH IIIB: (1320 - 1190)

    a.    Simpson [1981]: 117 'EHII MH LH III(A-B) C'

    b.    Simpson and Dickinson [1979]: 132 'N EH II MH LH III(A-B) C', '...and contained stratified BA and C material.'

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1.  Messenia I:  McDonald, William A. and Richard Hope Simpson. ‘Prehistoric Habitation in Southwestern Peloponnese’, American Journal of Archaeology. Vol. 65, No. 3 (Jul., 1961), pp. 221-260., '62. Cave of Nestor (Palaiokastro)', pg. 243. Online here.

2.  Simpson [1981]:  Simpson, Richard Hope. Mycenaean Greece. Park Ridge, New Jersey: Noyes Press, 1981., 'F 20 Petrochori: "Cave of Nestor"', pg. 117.

3.  Simpson and Dickinson [1979]:  Simpson, Richard Hope and O.T.P.K. Dickinson. A Gazetteer of Aegean Civilization in the Bronze Age, Vol. I: The Mainland and the Islands. Paul Åströms Förlag, Goteborg. 1979., 'D 10 Petrochori: "Cave of Nestor"', pg. 132. Online here.